How Mountaintop Mining Affects Life and Landscape in West,
How Mountaintop Mining Affects Life and Landscape in West Virginia. Surface mining carries a huge cost: nothing less than mountains themselves.Environmental impact of the coal industry - Wikipedia,Wildlife. Surface mining of coal causes direct and indirect damage to wildlife. The impact on wildlife stems primarily from disturbing, removing and redistributing the land surface. Some impacts are short-term, and confined to the mine site however others have far-reaching, long-term effects.Our National Parks » Mining threatens park wildlife, water,,According to the NPS, AML sites have a number of detrimental effects including contaminating water supplies, acid mine drainage, metal contamination, erosion and sedimentation, leaking well fluids, hazardous materials, and damage to wildlife and vegetation.