Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining Without Mercury,
This process can be very dangerous and lead to significant mercury exposure and health risks. In some jurisdictions, mercury use may be illegal or restricted in certain ways. The Minamata Convention on Mercury, a global agreement for reducing mercury pollution, recognizes the risks of using mercury in artisanal and small-scale gold mining, and,Amalgamation: Using Mercury to capture fine gold, retort,,Basically, amalgamation is the practice of bringing free gold particles into contact with mercury. When clean gold comes into contact with mercury, the two substances mix to form a compound called amalgam – an amalgam is simply an alloy of gold and mercury. The gold literally is dissolved into the mercury.Mercury Usage in Gold Mining and Why It Is a Problem,Mercury Watch, an organization "dedicated to collecting, analyzing, and publically serving information about mercury released to the environment," claim that "artisanal scale gold mining is the single largest demand for mercury in the world.